Collaborative Publications

This is a summary of publications from the STARSurg Collaborative. This was last updated on 5 November 2023. You can find a list of STARSurg publications on PubMed here.

For non-protocol papers, collaborators are PubMed-citable under a single corporate authorship (e.g. “STARSurg Collaborative”), and so can be cited within your Curriculum Vitae.

Suggested citation format

STARSurg Collaborative (Bloggs J, [insert role as appropriate]). Impact of post-operative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on adverse events after gastrointestinal surgery. Brit J Surg, 2014 ;101(11):1413-23.)

1. EuroSurg Collaborative. Management of COMPlicAted intra‐abdominal collectionS after colorectal Surgery (COMPASS): protocol for a multicentre, observational, prospective, international study of drain placement practices in colorectal surgery. Colorectal Dis. 2020; 22 (12): 2315-2321. PMID: 32716111. DOI:

2. EuroSurg Collaborative. Intraperitoneal drain placement and outcomes after elective colorectal surgery: international matched, prospective, cohort study. Br J Surg. 2022; 109 (6):520-529. PMID: 35576382. doi:10.1093/bjs/znac069. (Main Paper)

3. EuroSurg Collaborative†. Safety and efficacy of intraperitoneal drain placement after emergency colorectal surgery: An international, prospective cohort study. Colorectal Dis. 2023; 25 (10):2043-2053. PMID: 37700554. doi:10.1111/codi.16737. (Satellite Paper)

1. STARSurg Collaborative. REspiratory COmplications after abdomiNal surgery (RECON): study protocol for a multi-centre, observational, prospective, international audit of postoperative pulmonary complications after major abdominal surgery. Br J Anaesth. 2020; 124 (1): e13-e16. PMID: 31784036. DOI:
2. STARSurg Collaborative and CovidSurg Collaborative. Death following pulmonary complications of surgery before and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a comparative analysis of two prospective international cohort studies. BJS. 2021; 108 (12): 1448-1464. PMID: 34871379. DOI: (Main Paper)
3. Kachapila M, Ademuyiwa AO, Biccard BM, Ghosh DN, Glasbey J, Monahan M, Moore R, Morton DG, Oppong R, Pearse R, Roberts TE; NIHR Global Health Research Unit on Global Surgery; ASOS Investigators; STARSurg Collaborative. Preliminary model assessing the cost-effectiveness of preoperative chlorhexidine mouthwash at reducing postoperative pneumonia among abdominal surgery patients in South Africa. PLoS One. 2021; 16 (8): e0254698. PMID: 34383776. DOI: Paper)
 4. STARSurg Collaborative and TASMAN Collaborative. Evaluation of prognostic risk models for postoperative pulmonary complications in adult patients undergoing major abdominal surgery: a systematic review and international external validation cohort study. Lancet Digit Health. 2022; 4 (7): e520-e531. PMID: 35750401. doi:10.1016/S2589-7500(22)00069-3. (Satellite Paper)
1. EuroSurg Collaborative. Ileus Management International (IMAGINE): protocol for a multicentre, observational study of ileus after colorectal surgery. Colorectal Dis. 2018; 20 (1): O17-O25. PMID: 29178625. DOI:
2. EuroSurg Collaborative. Safety and efficacy of non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs to reduce ileus after colorectal surgery. BJS. 2020; 107 (2): e161-e169. PMID: 31595986. DOI: Paper)
3. EuroSurg Collaborative. Safety of hospital discharge before return of bowel function after elective colorectal surgery. BJS. 2020; 107 (5): p552-p559. PMID: 31976560. DOI: Paper)
4. EuroSurg Collaborative. Timing of nasogastric tube insertion and risk of postoperative pneumonia: international, prospective cohort study. Colorectal Dis. 2020; 22 (12): 2288-2297. PMID: 34092023. DOI: Paper)
1. STARSurg Collaborative. Outcomes After Kidney injury in Surgery (OAKS): protocol for a multicentre, observational cohort study of acute kidney injury following major gastrointestinal and liver surgery. BMJ Open. 2016; 6 (1): e009812. PMID: 26769786. DOI: (Protocol)
2. STARSurg Collaborative. Association between peri-operative angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-2 receptor blockers and acute kidney injury in major elective non-cardiac surgery: a multicentre, prospective cohort study. Anaesthesia. 2018; 73 (10): 1214-1222. PMID: 29984818. DOI: (Satellite Paper)
3. STARSurg Collaborative. Prognostic model to predict postoperative acute kidney injury in patients undergoing major gastrointestinal surgery based on a national prospective observational cohort study. BJS Open. 2018; 2 (6): 400-410. PMID: 30513129. DOI: (Main Paper)
4. STARSurg Collaborative. Perioperative intravenous contrast administration and the incidence of acute kidney injury after major gastrointestinal surgery: prospective, multicentre cohort study. Br J Surg. 2020; 107 (8): 1023-1032. PMID: 32026470. DOI: (Satellite Paper)
5. STARSurg Collaborative. Perioperative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) administration and acute kidney injury (AKI) in major gastrointestinal surgery: A prospective, multicentre, propensity matched cohort study. Ann Surg. 2020. PMID: 33074883. DOI: (Main Paper)

6. STARSurg Collaborative. Impact of postoperative acute kidney injury in patients undergoing major gastrointestinal surgery on 1-year survival and renal outcomes: a national multi centre cohort study. BJS Open. 2021; 5 (6). PMID: 35029656. DOI: 10.1093/bjsopen/zrab134 (Main Paper) Visual abstract

7. STARSurg Collaborative and EuroSurg Collaborative. Validation of the OAKS prognostic model for acute kidney injury after gastrointestinal surgery. BJS Open. 2022; 6 (1):zrab150. PMID: 35179188. doi:10.1093/bjsopen/zrab150 (Satellite Paper)

8. STARSurg Collaborative, Nepogodiev D. Challenges of one-year longitudinal follow-up of a prospective, observational cohort study using an anonymised database: recommendations for trainee research collaboratives. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2019; 19 (1):237. PMID: 31830925. doi:10.1186/s12874-019-0857-y. (Satellite Paper)

1. Nepogodiev D, Chapman SJ, Glasbey J, Kelly M, Khatri C, Drake TM, Kong CY, Mitchell H, Harrison EM, Fitzgerald JE, Bhangu A. Determining Surgical Complications in the Overweight (DISCOVER): a multicentre observational cohort study to evaluate the role of obesity as a risk factor for postoperative complications in general surgery. BMJ Open. 2015; 5 (7): e008811. PMID: 26195471. DOI:
2. STARSurg Collaborative. Multicentre prospective cohort study of body mass index and postoperative complications following gastrointestinal surgery. BJS. 2016; 103 (9): 1157-72. PMID: 27321766. DOI: Paper)
3. STARSurg Collaborative. Safety of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs in Major Gastrointestinal Surgery: A Prospective, Multicenter Cohort Study. World J Surg. 2017; 41 (1): 47-55. PMID: 27766396. DOI: Paper)
4. EuroSurg Collaborative. Body mass index and complications following major gastrointestinal surgery: a prospective, international cohort study and meta-analysis. Colorectal Dis. 2018; 20 (8): O215-O225. PMID: 29897171. DOI: Paper)
5. STARSurg Collaborative. Critical care usage after major gastrointestinal and liver surgery: a pre-specified secondary analysis of a prospective, multicentre observational study. Br J Anaesth. 2018; 122 (1): 42-50. PMID: 30579405. DOI: Paper)
1. Nepogodiev D, Chapman SJ, Glasbey JC, Kelly M, Khatri C, Fitzgerald JE, Bhangu A. Multicentre observational cohort study of NSAIDs as risk factors for postoperative adverse events in gastrointestinal surgery. BMJ Open. 2014; 4 (6): e005164. PMID: 24972607. DOI:
2. STARSurg Collaborative. Impact of post-operative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on adverse events after gastrointestinal surgery. BJS. 2014; 101 (11): 1413-23. PMID: 25091299. DOI: Paper)


Other Publications

1. Khatri C, Chapman SJ, Glasbey J, Kelly M, Nepogodiev D, Bhangu A, Fitzgerald JE; STARSurg Committee. Social media and internet driven study recruitment: evaluating a new model for promoting collaborator engagement and participation. PLoS One. 2015; 10 (3): e0118899. PMID: 25775005. DOI:
2. Nepogodiev D, National Surgical Research Collaborative. UK surgical trainees will continue to support European research collaboration. Lancet. 2016; 388 (10043): 459-60. PMID: 27507749. DOI:
3. National Research Collaborative & Association of Surgeons in Training Collaborative Consensus Group. Recognising contributions to work in research collaboratives: Guidelines for standardising reporting of authorship in collaborative research. Int J Surg. 2018; 52: 355-360. PMID: 29292217. DOI:
4. Ahmed W, Mills E, Khaw R, McLean K, Glasbey J. Collaborative Student Research Efforts Provide a Solution to Research Wastage. Re: Glasziou P, Chalmers I. Research waste is still a scandal-an essay by Paul Glasziou and Iain Chalmers. BMJ. 2018; 363: k4645. Original article DOI:
5. Ahmed WU, Mills E, Khaw RA, McLean KA, Glasbey JC. Collaborative student research efforts provide a solution to research wastage. BMJ. 2019; 364: 1795. PMID: 30850367. DOI:


1. Kong C, Glasbey J, Mohan M, McNamee L, Fitzgerald JE. Caution when interpreting anti-inflammatory drug effects in rat models of gastrointestinal anastomosis. Am J Surg. 2016; 211 (1): 303-4. PMID: 26095017. DOI:

2. Drake TM, Nepogodiev D, Claireaux H. Selective vs Nonselective Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Anastomotic Leakage After Colorectal Surgery. JAMA Surg. 2015; 150 (7): 686. PMID: 25946128. DOI:

3. Ahmed W, Mills E, Khaw R, McLean K, Glasbey J. Collaborative Student Research Efforts Provide a Solution to Research Wastage. Re: Glasziou P, Chalmers I. Research waste is still a scandal-an essay by Paul Glasziou and Iain Chalmers. BMJ. 2018; 363: k4645.

4. Drake TM, Ahmed W, Khaw RA, Yasin I, Baker D, Mills E, Kamarajah SK, Borakati A (On Behalf of the STARSurg Collaborative). Peri-operative acute kidney injury – a reply. Anaesethesia. 2019; 74 (2): 248. PMID: 30656658. DOI:

5. McLean KA, Ahmed WU, Akhbari M, Nepogodiev D. Author response to: Does preoperative contrast administration really not affect the occurrence of acute kidney injury after major gastrointestinal surgery?. Brit J Surg. 2020; 107 (7): e233. PMID: 32379340. DOI:

6. STARSurg Collaborative. Response to “Comment on Perioperative Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) Administration and Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in Major Gastrointestinal Surgery”. Ann Surg. 2021; [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 33630429. DOI:

7. Nicholas Pari Tekkis, Damir Rafi, Sam Brown, Alona Courtney, Michal Kawka, Ann-Marie Howelld, Kenneth McLean, Matthew Gardiner, Stella Mavroveli, Peter Hutchinson, Paris Tekkis, Paul Wilkinson, Amir H. Sam, Nicos Savva, Christos Kontovounisios, COVID Med-Ed and STARSurg Collaborative. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on UK medical education. A nationwide student survey. Med. Teach. 2021; 1: 1-2. PMID: 34428109. DOI:

8. STARSurg Collaborative. Medical student engagement with surgery and research during the COVID-19 pandemic: supporting the future workforce for post- pandemic surgical recovery. IJS. 2021; [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 34597820. DOI:

1. Cork N, Llewellyn O, Glasbey J, Khatri C; Royal Society of Medicine Student Members Group; STARSurg Collaborative. Bridging medical education and clinical practice. Lancet. 2014; 384 (9954): 1575. PMID: 25443488. DOI:
2. Chapman SJ, Glasbey JC, Khatri C, Kelly M, Nepogodiev D, Bhangu A, Fitzgerald JE. Promoting research and audit at medical school: evaluating the educational impact of participation in a student-led national collaborative study. BMC Med Educ. 2015; 15: 47. PMID: 25879617. DOI:
3. Drake TM, Bath M, Claireaux HA, Kong C, Khatri C, McNamee L, Mohan M; STARSurg Student Collaborative. Training and trials–building a future. BMJ. 2015; 350: h2772. PMID: 26014828. DOI:
4. STARSurg Collaborative. Students’ participation in collaborative research should be recognised. Int J Surg. 2017; 39: 234-237. PMID: 28167380. DOI:
5. STARSurg Collaborative. Medical research and audit skills training for undergraduates: an international analysis and student-focused needs assessment. Postgrad Med J. 2018; 94 (1107): 37-42. PMID: 28866608. DOI:
6. Burke JR, Glasbey J, Nepogodiev D, Drake T, Blencowe N, Rooshenas L, Fitzgerald EJ, Fearnhead NS, Blazeby JM, Bach S, Bhangu A. Improving communication in recruitment consultations for randomised controlled trials. RCS Bull. 2017; 99 (7): 260-263. DOI:
7. STARSurg Collaborative, EuroSurg Collaborative, TASMAN Collaborative. Medical student involvement in the COVID-19 response. Lancet. 2020; 395 (10232): 1254. PMID: 32247322. DOI:

8. STARSurg Collaborative. Maximizing opportunities at medical school to support a career in surgery. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2019; 80 (11):670-673. PMID: 31707879. doi:10.12968/hmed.2019.80.11.670.